MASS AIRFLOW SENSOR
The mass airflow sensor (MAF) provides feedback to the powertrain control module (PCM or engine computer) proportionate to engine load. The more load that is put on an engine, the greater the volume of air that is entering the engine at any one moment in time, but accurate airflow is only one part of the measurement. The computer must also correct for barometric pressure, humidity and other dynamics of the intake air. Therefore, the MAF measures the actual weight of the air entering the engine as opposed to simply the volume.
INSTALL LEVEL OF DIFFICULTYEASY
How Does it Work?
- Intake air passes through the venture of the MAF and is sampled by an element heated wire, grid or film
- The PCM uses this load measurement as a major corrective factor for fuel delivery, ignition timing and other outputs
How Is It Made?
- Generally, the MAF consists of a cast aluminum or glass-filled nylon body with protective screens on either end
- The measurement element is either positioned directly in the airflow or off to the side and fed by a sampling side channel
Why Does It Fail?
- Heat cycling
- Vibration in the engine compartment
- Failure of the electronics
- Problems with the element
What are Symptoms of Failure?
- Malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) or check engine light will come on
- Hesitation and stalling
What Are the Consequences of Failure?
- Engine may have reduced power, also known as limp home mode
If you have questions or concerns about mass airflow sensors or any of your vehicle’s components, come into your local Pep Boys where we can answer any question, help you find any part, or perform any vehicle service you might need.